The history of Warren County
precedes the birth of our Nation. Many of the old deeds recorded in the Office
the Clerk of Superior Court of Warren County refer to certain plots of land
lying east of the 82nd parallel (which runs almost through the center of
Warrenton) as being derived from grants from King George III of England.
The rest of the land lying to the
west was described as being wild land. During colonial times, this
land was known as St. Paul's Parish.
County, rich in Southern history and tradition, was created from
parts of Columbia, Hancock, Richmond and Wilkes counties by an act
of the legislature on December 19, 1793.
The county, Georgia's 20th, was named for Revolutionary War hero
Gen. Joseph Warren (1741-1775), from Massachusetts, who was
killed early in the American Revolution at the Battle of Bunker
Hill. In 1857, Glascock County was created entirely from Warren
County. Also, portions of Warren County were used to create
Jefferson County (1796),
Taliaferro County (1825), and McDuffie County (1870).
Yale (‘75) graduate
built the first
submarine to actually make
an attack on an enemy warship. Dubbed the "Turtle" because it
resembled a sea-turtle floating vertically in the water, it was
operated by Sergeant Ezra Lee.
The scheme: be towed into the vicinity of the target; open a
foot-operated valve to let in enough water to sink, close the valve;
move in under the enemy by cranking the two propellers – one for
forward and one for vertical movement – turned by foot treadle "like
a spinning wheel;" drill into the hull to attach a 150-pound keg of
gunpowder with a clockwork detonator; crank to get away; operate a
foot-pump to get the water out of the hull and thus re-surface.
A commission was named by the General Assembly to
select the county seat and erect a courthouse and jail..
Until that action was taken, Warren County courts were to meet in
the house of James McCormick. By 1796, no county seat had been
selected, so the General Assembly directed that county courts
temporarily meet at the house of Sterling Gardner. An act of Feb. 9,
1797 designated a lot on Gardner's plantation as the permanent
county seat of Warren County. This lot became the town of Warrenton,
which the General Assembly incorporated on Dec. 8, 1810.
The beautiful Warren County Courthouse with its architecturally
significant structure is listed on the National Register of Historic
Places. Located in the county seat, the courthouse and the
Confederate Monument are the center pieces of Warrenton's business